What is psoriasis?

is a skin chronic illness that evolves for crisis and it affects to the world population´s 3%. Basically it consists on a dysfunction of the epidermic cellular proliferation, characterized clinically by an excessive skin scaling off and the lesion appearance as hyper-keratosic and itching plaques located in the trunk, articulations and scalp. The plaques are reddish colour, symmetrical, bounded, of thick and well defined borders, recovered of white, pearly, imbricate, abundant and easily detachable flakes. Their histological study show hyper-keratosic evidences, parakeratosic and acantosis with an abnormal concentration of neutrofil nuclear polymorphics in the corneous stratum of the skin or Malpigio area. These neutrophylic accumulation, due to the hidrolasas contained, produce a local inflammatory reaction that stimulate the epidermic cellular proliferation in excessive form.

TYPES AND SEVERITY

  • Plaques

    Psoriasis PlaquesThe plaques psoriasis is the most typical form of the illness, four among five people have this kind of psoriasis. A " plaque " is the name used to describe the very defined formations of the red, lifted skin, and the word " lesion " is also commonly used. The technical name for the psoriasis in plaques is “ psoriasis vulgaris. " The scaly, white and plated accumulation above the plaques is so-called “flake”; it is composed by the skin dead cells. This flake is almost loose and is constantly detached from the plaques. The skin affected with psoriasis is generally very dry. Other possible symptoms include cracking, pain of the skin, itching.

  • Guttate (drop by drop)

    Psoriasis Guttate (drop by drop)The guttate psoriasis is similar to small, red, individual drops in the skin (the word guttate comes from the Latin meaning " drop "). These lesions generally appear in the trunk and the members, and sometimes in the scalp, and they are not contained thickly and don´t scale as the psoriasis in plaques. The guttate psoriasis often begins in the childhood or in the puberty, and it can be worked by an infection.

  • Inverse

    Psoriasis InverseThe inverse psoriasis, also called Flexural psoriasis is presented in the axillas, groin, under the breasts and in other skin folds around the genital organs and the buttocks. This kind of illness is presented like flat areas, dry skin, red and inflamed areas, but they don´t have the flake associated to the psoriasis in plaques. The inverse psoriasis is related with the irritation for rubbing and to the softening due to its localization in skin folds and in soft and humid areas. It is very common and annoying in fat people.

  • Erythrodermic (skin reddening)

    Psoriasis Erythrodermic (skin reddening)The Erythrodermic psoriasis is a certain way of inflammatory psoriasis that often affects most of the body surface. It is the less common kind of the illness. It appears very commonly in people with unstable psoriasis in plaques, where the lesions are not clearly defined. The Erythrodermic psoriasis is characterized by the constant, extensive, and burning skin reddening. The skin erythrodermic (reddening) and the exfoliation (shedding) are often accompanied by skin itching and severe pains. It can be also become in swelling.

  • Widespread pustulous

    Psoriasis Widespread pustulousThis is so-called to the body wide areas spread by pustulous psoriasis. The first doctor who described it was Von Zumbusch in 1900. In this relatively strange form of illness, the spread areas of the red skin (erythema) are transformed and developed. The soft skin, pustules, non infectious ampoules of pus and can change and appear as dry skin, and can be sharp and painful and later it reappears the soft and pustulous skin for several days.

  • Located Pustules

    Psoriasis Located PustulesGeneralized Pustular: Pustular psoriasis spread over wide areas of the body is also called von Zumbusch pustular psoriasis, named after the physician who first described it in the early 1900s. In this relatively rare form of the disease, widespread areas of reddened skin (erythema) develop, and the skin becomes acutely painful and tender. Pustules—blisters of non-infectious pus—may appear on the skin, dry, then reappear in repeated cycles lasting several days. Localized Pustular: Pustules of psoriasis can be confined to local areas, particularly the hands and feet. The form called palmo-plantar pustulosis (PPP) is characterized by large (up to .5 cm, or about the size of a pencil eraser) pustules in fleshy areas of hands and feet, such as the base of the thumb and the sides of the heels. The pustules appear in a studded pattern throughout reddened plaques of skin, then turn brown and peel. Another rare form is called acropustulosis (or acrodermatitis continua of Hallopeau). In this type, skin lesions develop on the ends of the fingers and sometimes the toes. The lesions can be painful and disabling, with nail deformities and, in severe cases, changes to the bone.

MEASURING THE SEVERITY OF PSORIASIS

Psoriasis is divided into three degrees of severity: mild, moderate and severe. Abou75 percent to 80 percent of people with psoriasis have what is considered mild disease, and about 20 percent to 25 percent have moderate to severe psoriasis. These categories are useful for selecting what treatments might be appropriate for individuals with psoriasis. The physical measure of severity is based on how much skin on the body is affected by psoriasis. As a general rule of thumb, the palm of the hand represents 1 percent of the body´s surface. Severity can also hinge on how psoriasis affects a person´s quality of life. If psoriasis covers only a small area yet is serious enough to be disabling—for example, bad psoriasis of the hands or feet—it could be considered a severe case of the disease.

  • Mild Psoriasis

    Mild PsoriasisPeople with psoriasis on less than 2 percent of their body are considered to have a mild case. Generally, isolated patches of psoriasis are found on the knees, elbows, scalp and hands and feet. Topical treatments—including moisturizers and over-the-counter and prescription creams, ointments and shampoos are usually sufficient to keep the psoriasis in check.

  • Moderate Psoriasis

    Moderate PsoriasisModerate psoriasis is defined as affecting between 2 percent and 10 percent of the body´s surface. Psoriasis may appear on the arms, legs, torso, scalp and other areas. Appropriate therapies include topical treatments, phototherapy and oral medications, depending on the location and extent of the psoriasis and other individual factors.

  • Severe Psoriasis

    Severe PsoriasisPsoriasis covering more than 10 percent of the body is considered severe. Extensive areas of skin may be covered with psoriasis plaques or pustules, or widespread erythrodermic psoriasis (as shown in the photo to the left) can cause severe peeling of the skin. People with severe psoriasis are more likely to develop psoriatic arthritis. Powerful treatments, including phototherapy, oral medications or a combination of these, are usually necessary to manage severe psoriasis.

What you should know about Psoriasis.

Please note that the information provided on this page is not advice, nor medical advice. Those affected by Psoriasis, constantly seek information and recommendations from dermatologists and other medical practitioners. Please understand that what you wanted with this page is to compile existing information about this disease that affects 3% of the world population, to facilitate learning and management of Psoriasis. It is your responsibility and your physician to make good use of it.

  • Remove stress

    There are people who comment that people who do not have stress is because they have no life, and that is that stress is a way of life today, instead, you can control with leisure time and exercising the repair to relax.

  • Bathe on the beach

    Sunbathing helps to improve the symptoms of psoriasis, but before going to bathe to the beach, consider the hours of sun that are dangerous to the skin due to the strong radiations. Also take into account that you should take baths daily but do not last more than 10 minutes.

  • Control skin moisture

    Having parched skin does not help to follow a good treatment for psoriasis, as scales and pains emerge in the affected area.

  • Weight control

    Thick people are more likely to have psoriasis disease.

  • Avoid damages

    Injury or damage to the skin reduces the body's ability to withstand external attacks and aggravates the symptoms of the disease. We must take care of our skin, especially the people who suffer from psoriasis. Anything that leads to skin damage, has to be avoided: products that cause irritation or very tight clothing. The recommendations on the disease that is included in psoriasis pdf, should be expressed by the dermatologist or family physician. Please have In mind that the information provided in psoriasis pdf is not advice, nor medical recommendation. Those affected by Psoriasis, constantly seek information and recommendations from dermatologists or other medical practitioners. Please understand that what has been wanted with this page is to collect existing information about this disease that affects 3% of the world population, to facilitate the learning and management of your Psoriasis. It is your responsibility and your doctor's good use of it.

Psoriasis Issues in PDF

  • What is psoriasis, classes and their location?

  • What causes psoriasis?

  • What is Plaque Psoriasis?

  • Psoriasis on the scalp.

  • Psoriatic arthritis and/or rheumatoid.

  • Psoriasis in pregnancy and child.

  • Questions, answers and advice.

  • Treatments and therapies for psoriasis.

  • Burasil for psoriasis.

  • About Burasil.

  • Psoriasis, what makes it worse and what makes it benefit?

  • General advice to patients with psoriasis.

  • Stress and psoriasis.

  • Psoriasis and the grieving process.

  • Anxiety disorder.

  • And a feeding psoriasis.

  • Relief of itching of psoriasis.

  • UVA and UVB phototherapy for psoriasis.

  • The psoriatic arthritis, rheumatic and Enbrel.